Although poverty and hunger have been on the decline in India, a large portion of the population, mainly dependent on rural incomes, suffers from malnourishment.
As a response, India adopted the National Food Security Act which aims to ensure access to quality food at affordable prices by increasing food stocks to mitigate price volatility.
Areas for Improvement:
There are concrete goals policy makers can work towards to improve food security in India:
- India performs worst in the Demand and Price rubric, therefore efforts to improve food security in India should focus on this rubric
- Maximizing the amount of arable land and increasing productivity will contribute to growth in India’s agriculture sector and reduce malnourishment
- India is vulnerable to extreme weather and the resulting agriculture productivity loss, which will continue as the effects of climate change progress