An aging population, a decline in food production and reliance on food imports pose risks to Japan’s food security.
Domestically, Japan faces the challenge of replacing its current generation of farmers as the elderly retire and Japanese youth seek employment elsewhere. Japan relies heavily on food importation, making it susceptible to price volatility and food shortages as its main trading partners are all highly vulnerable to natural disasters resulting from climate change.
Areas for Improvement:
There are concrete goals policy makers can work towards to improve food security in Japan:
- Efforts in agricultural development should address the growth of the urban population while the general population decreases, reducing the availability of labor in rural areas
- Incentivizing investment in agriculture and migration to rural areas to increase the agricultural labor force is an achievable policy goal